Ukrainian cases. Lesson 6

Free Ukrainian course. Ukrainian cases - Lesson 6

Ukrainian cases
Ukrainian lessons for beginners

Lesson 6: Давальний відмінок – Частина 1.
Dative – Part 1.


Part 1 – The dative case of nouns

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In this lesson you will get familiar with the dative case through dialogues, examples and grammar rules.

Introduction to Ukrainian cases

Introduction to the dative case

When is the dative case used?

Generally, we use the dative case…


  • to express the indirect object:

  • to express someone’s age:

  • to say “I like, he likes, etc.” using the verb “подобається”:

  • to express someone’s mood:
Я даю моєму брату книгу I give my brother a book
Мені 30. Моєму брату 28. I am 30 (years old). My brother is 28 (years old)
Мені подобається фільм I like the movie
Мені добре / моїй подрузі погано I feel fine / My friend is feeling bad

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the dative case of different nouns and pronouns.

Ukrainian vocabulary

Ukrainian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the basic vocabulary of this lesson.

If you still don’t know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Ukrainian.

давальний відмінок

dative case

сумний

sad

Мені здається

It seems to me

Мені потрібно

I need

який збіг!

what a coincidence!

молодий

young

те саме / той самий / та сама

the same

подарунок

present

колега

colleague

день народження

birthday

подарувати + Dat.

to give as a present + Dat.

сумувати

to miss

звикнути до + Dat.

to get used to + Dat.

радити + Dat.

to advise + Dat.

Ukrainian dialogues

Dialogues

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highlighted cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in dative. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

Ukrainian grammar

Ukrainian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The dative Case: Nouns

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Dative Case (Dat.) in nouns. Below we will learn more about it.

Nouns in singular
We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.
Nouns in plural
We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -у (-ові)

  • Це мій студент (Nom.). This is my student.
  • Я роблю подарунок моєму студенту (Dat.). I give a present to my student.

Masculine: -ам

  • Це мої студенти (Nom.). These are my students.
  • Я роблю подарунок моїм студентам (Dat.). I give a present to my students.

Feminine: -і

  • Це моя сестра (Nom.). This is my sister.
  • Я роблю подарунок моїй сестрі (Dat.). I give a present to my sister.

Feminine: -ам

  • Це мої сестри (Nom.). These are my sisters.
  • Я роблю подарунок моїм сестрам (Dat.). I give a present to my sisters.

Neuter: -у, -ю

  • Це моє поле (Nom.). This is my field.
  • Я зроблю подарунок моєму полю (Dat.). I give a present to my field.

Neuter: -ам, -ям

  • Це мої поля (Nom.) These are my fields.
  • Я зроблю подарунок моїм полям (Dat.). I give a present to my fields.
Ukrainian test

Test

Check if you know this lesson:

1. Choose the word in dative:
мене
мені
я

2. What is the dative of “подруга”?
подрузі
подругу
подруги

3. How do you say “I’m 20 years old”?
мені 20 років
в мене 20 років
я 20 років

4. Tell the case of the highlighted word: Нам добре
nom. plural
dative plural
dative singular

5. What is the dative of “мій брат”?
моєму братові
моєму брату
both are correct



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