Ukrainian cases. Lesson 5

Free Ukrainian course. Ukrainian cases - Lesson 5

Ukrainian cases
Ukrainian lessons for beginners

Lesson 5: Родовий відмінок – Частина 2. Genitive – Part 2.


Part 2 – The genitive case of adjectives

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Introduction to Ukrainian cases

Introduction to the genitive case

When is the genitive case used?

Generally, we use the genitive case…


  • to express ownership

  • in many cases where we use “of” in English

  • to express ownership with the construction у + genitive + є

  • to express absence of an object/person
Це стіл мого брата This is my brother’s table
Це стакан води This is glass of water
У мого друга
є стіл
My friend has
a table
Тут немає мого брата My brother is not here

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the genitive case of different adjectives and pronouns.

Ukrainian vocabulary

Ukrainian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the basic vocabulary of this lesson.

If you still don’t know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Ukrainian.

апельсиновий сік

orange juice

ветчина

ham

їжа

food

товстий / жирний

fat

свіжий

fresh

старий

old

відомий

famous

шоколад

chocolate

ідея

idea

пляшка

bottle

шматок

piece

знайти

to find

біля + gen.

near / by + gen.

один / на одинці

alone

Ukrainian dialogues

Dialogues

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highlighted cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in genitive. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

Ukrainian grammar

Ukrainian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The genitive Case: Adjetives

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Genitive Case (Gen.) in adjectives. Below we will learn more about it.

Adjective + Nouns in singular
We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.
Adjective + Nouns in plural
We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -ого

  • Це мій новий стіл (Nom.). This is my new table.
  • Мого нового столу тут немає (Gen.). My new table is not here.

Masculine: -их

  • Це мої нові столи (Nom.). These are my new tables.
  • Моїх нових столів тут немає (Gen.). My new tables are not here.

Feminine: -ої

  • Це моя цікава книга (Nom.). This my interesting book.
  • Моєї цікавої книги тут немає (Gen.). My interesting book is not here.

Feminine: -их

  • Це мої цікаві книги (Nom.). These are my interesting books.
  • Моїх цікавих книг тут немає (Gen.). My interesting books are not here.

Neuter: -ого

  • Це моє велике вікно (Nom.). This is my big window.
  • Мого великого вікна тут немає (Gen.). My window is not here.

Neuter: -их

  • Це мої великі вікна (Nom.) These are my big windows.
  • Моїх великих вікон тут немає (Gen.). My big windows are not here.
Ukrainian test

Test

Check if you know this lesson:

1. Adjectives correspond with nouns in gender, number and case.
true
only in some cases
only in number

2. How do you say in Ukrainian “There is no fresh juice”?
тут є не свіжий сік
немає свіжого соку
немає свіжий сік

3. What is the genitive form for “нова книга”?
нова книги
нової книги
нові книги

4. How do you say “a piece of this fresh bread”?
шматок свіжого хліба
шматок свіжий хліба
шматка свіжого хліба

5. What is the genitive plural form for “модна акторка”?
модних аторок
модної акторок
модні акторки



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