Ukrainian cases. Lesson 4

Free Ukrainian course. Ukrainian cases - Lesson 4

Ukrainian cases
Ukrainian lessons for beginners

Lesson 4: Родовий відмінок – Частина 1. Genitive – Part 1.


Part 1 – The genitive case of nouns

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In this lesson we will meet and will try to get more familiar with genitive case through the dialogues, examples and grammar rules.

Introduction to Ukrainian cases

Introduction to the genitive case

When is the genitive case used?

Generally, we use the genitive case…


  • to express ownership

  • in many cases where we use “of” in English

  • to express ownership with the construction у + genitive + є

  • to express absence of an object/person
Це стіл мого брата This is my brother’s table
Це стакан води This is a glass of water
У мого друга
є стіл
My friend has
a table
Тут немає мого брата My brother is not here

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the genitive case of different nouns and pronouns.

Ukrainian vocabulary

Ukrainian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the basic vocabulary of this lesson.

If you still don’t know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Ukrainian.

родовий відмінок

genitive (Gen.)

машина

car

ресторан

restaurant

виходити

to leave / to go out

молоко

milk

стакан

glass

цукор

sugar

Київ

Kiev

культура

culture

театр / музей

theatre / museum

багато / мало + gen.

many / little + gen.

далеко від + gen.

far from + gen.

біля + gen.

near / by + gen.

без + gen.

without + gen.

Ukrainian dialogues

Dialogues

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highlighted cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in genitive. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:


*These tables will open in a new window


Ukrainian grammar

Ukrainian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The genitive Case: Nouns

In the dialogues we have seen examples of Genitive Case (Gen.) in nouns. Below we will learn more about it.

Nouns in singular:
We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender
Nouns in plural
We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.

Masculine: -а -у -я -ю

  • Це мій стіл (Nom.). This is my table.
  • Мого столу тут немає (Gen.). My table is not here.

Masculine: -ів -їв -ей

  • Це мої столи (Nom.). These are my tables.
  • Моїх столів тут немає (Gen.). My tables are not here.

Feminine: -и, -і, -ї

  • Це моя книга (Nom.). This my book.
  • Моєї книги тут немає (Gen.). My book is not here.

Feminine: -…, -ів, -ей

  • Це мої книги (Nom.). These are my books.
  • Моїх книг тут немає (Gen.). My books are not here.

Neuter: -а -я

  • Це моє вікно (Nom.). This is my window.

  • Мого вікна тут немає (Gen.). My window is not here.

Neuter: -ів, -ей

  • Це мої вікна (Nom.) These are my windows.
  • Моїх вікон тут немає (Gen.). My windows are not here (the word окна has an irregular genitive plural).

  • у мене є + nominative = I have…

  • я маю + accusative = I have…

  • у мене немає + genitive = I don’t have…
У мене є книга I have a book
Я маю книгу I have a book
У мене немає книги I don’t have any book
У тебе є столи Уou have tables
Я маю столи I have tables
У тебе немає столів You don’t have tables
Ukrainian test

Test

Check if you know this lesson:

1. The usual meaning of the genitive is “possession”.
false
true

2. After which of the following options we need genitive?
немає
я бачу
є

3. What is the genitive form for “моя книга”?
мою книгу
моєї книги
моя книга

4. Choose the option where both prepositions require genitive:
біля / без
далеко / на
без / з

5. What is the genitive plural form of “людина”?
людей
людів
люди



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