Ukrainian cases. Lesson 3

Free Ukrainian course. Ukrainian cases - Lesson 3

Ukrainian cases
Ukrainian lessons for beginners

Lesson 3: Знахідний відмінок –
Частина 3. Accusative – Part 3.


Part 3 – The accusative case of adjectives

!!! This course requires basic knowledge of Ukrainian. If this is not your case, please complete our Basic Ukrainian Course.

You will learn to use adjectives in accusative and thus complete this case.

Introduction to Ukrainian cases

Introduction to the accusative case

When is the accusative case used?

Generally, we use the accusative case…

  • to express the direct object =>

  • after some prepositions indicating the place “someone goes to” =>
Я бачу мою книгу. I see my book.
Ми йдемо у кіно. We are going to the cinema.

What will we learn in this lesson?

The accusative case of adjectives and pronouns.

Ukrainian vocabulary

Ukrainian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the basic vocabulary of this lesson.

If you don’t know yet how to read the Cyrillic alphabet, visit our course on how to read Ukrainian.

журнал

magazine

чекати

to wait

зоомагазин

pet shop

слон

elephant

добрий

good

злий / поганий

bad

розумний

intelligent

модний

fashion / fashionable

млинець

pancake

запросити

to invite

обід

lunch

Ukrainian dialogues

Dialogues in Ukrainian

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highlighted cases + tables

We have highlighted the words in accusative. You can also look up these grammar tables* while you read the dialogues:

*These tables will open in a new window

Ukrainian grammar

Ukrainian grammar

Read the following grammar summary and learn this lesson’s cases.

The Accusative Case: Adjetives

In this lesson’s dialogues we have seen examples of Nominative (Nom.) and Accusative (Acc.) Case in adjectives. The adjective agrees with the noun. That is why we have to see if the noun is inanimate or animate.

Adjective + inanimate noun IN SINGULAR
Accusative masculine = Nominative masculine
Feminine: its endings are unique
to the Accusative
Accusative neuter = Nominative neuter
We have highlighted the endings.
Adjective + inanimate noun IN PLURAL

Accusative = Nominative


(for all three genders)

Masculine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Це мій новий стіл (Nom.). This is my new table.
  • Я бачу мій новий стіл (Acc.) I see my new table.

Masculine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Це мої нові столи (Nom.). These are my new tables.
  • Я бачу мої нові столи (Acc.) I see my new tables.

Feminine: -у, -ю

  • Це моя цікава книга (Nom.). This my interesting book.
  • Я бачу мою цікаву книгу (Acc.). I see my interesting book.

Feminine: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Це мої цікаві книги (Nom.). These are my interesting books.
  • Я бачу мої цікаві книги (Acc.). I see my interesting books.

Neuter: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Це моє велике вікно (Nom.). This is my big window.
  • Я бачу моє велике вікно (Acc.). I see my big window.

Neuter: no endings because Nom. = Acc.

  • Це мої великі вікна (Nom.) These are my big windows.
  • Я бачу мої великі вікна (Acc.). I see my big windows.
 
Adjective + animate noun IN SINGULAR
Accusative masculine = Genitive masculine
Feminine:
its endings are unique
to the Accusative
We have highlighted the endings.
Adjective + animate noun IN PLURAL

Accusative = Genitive

(for all genders)
We have highlighted the endings.

Masculine: -ого

  • Це мій добрий брат (Nom.). This is my kind brother.
  • Я бачу мого доброго брата (Acc.) I see my kind brother.

Masculine: -их

  • Це мої добрі брати (Nom.). These are my kind brothers.
  • Я бачу моїх добрих братів (Acc.) I see my kind brothers.

Feminine: -у, -ю

  • Це моя цікава книга (Nom.). This my interesting book.
  • Я бачу мою цікаву книгу (Acc.). I see my interesting book.

Feminine: -их

  • Це моя маленька собака (Nom.). These are my small dogs.
  • Я бачу моїх маленьких собак (Acc.). I see my small dogs.

There are very few animate neuter nouns. That is why we are not mentioning their rules in this course.

Ukrainian test

Test

Check if you know this lesson:

1. Adjectives always agree in case with the noun they describe.
false
true

2. What is the Accusative singular form for “новий стіл”?
новий стіл
новому столу
нового стола

3. The Accusative pl. ending for adjectives that go with animate nouns is…
-их

4.The declined endings of adjectives and possessive pronouns are very similar.
false
true

5. What is the Accusative form for “добрі брати”?
добрі брати
добрих братів
добрих брати



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