Ukrainian cases. Lesson 2

Free Ukrainian course. Ukrainian cases - Lesson 2

Ukrainian cases
Ukrainian lessons for beginners

Lesson 2: Знахідний відмінок – Частина
2. Accusative – Part 2.


Part 2 – The accusative case of animate nouns

!!! This course requires basic knowledge of Ukrainian. If this is not your case, we recommend you our Basic Ukrainian Course!!!

In this lesson you will extend your knowledge regarding the Accusative case.

Introduction to Ukrainian cases

Introduction to the Accusative case

When is the Accusative case used?

Generally, we use the Accusative case…

  • to express the direct object =>

  • after some prepositions to show the place “someone goes to” =>
Я бачу мою книгу. I see my book.
Ми йдемо у кіно. We are going to the cinema.

What will we learn in this lesson?

We are going to learn the accusative case of different animate nouns (that is, names of people and animals). We will also learn the accusative of pronouns.

Ukrainian vocabulary

Ukrainian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the basic vocabulary of this lesson.

If you don’t know how to read the Cyrillic alphabet yet, visit our course on how to read Ukrainian.

знахідний відмінок

Accusative (Ac.)

раніше

before

кішка

cat

собака

dog

секрет

secret

разом

together

не може бути

it can’t be / no way

актор

actor

акторка

actress

Ukrainian dialogues

Dialogues

Read, listen and pay attention to the cases used

Extra help: highlighted cases + tables

We have highlighted the nouns in Accusative. You can also look up these grammar tables while you read the dialogues:

These tables will open in a new window

Below we have highlighted some pronouns in Accusative.

Ukrainian grammar

Ukrainian grammar

Read the following grammar summary. We will learn the cases from this lesson.

The Accusative Case: Animate nouns

In this lesson’s dialogues we have seen examples of Nominative (Nom.) and Accusative (Acc.) Case in animate nouns (that is, names of people and animals.

These are the most important points to remember about these two Cases:

Animate nouns IN SINGULAR:
Accusative masculine = Genitive masculine.
Feminine:
its endings are unique
to Accusative.
We have highlighted the endings in the tables for each gender.
Animate nouns IN PLURAL:

Accusative = Genitive


(for all genders)

Masculine: -а -я

  • Це мій брат (Nom.). Я бачу мого брата (Acc.) This is my brother. I see my brother.

Masculine: -ів, -їв, -ей

  • Це мої брати (Nom.). Я бачу моїх братів (Acc.) This is my dog. I see my dog.

Feminine: -у -ю

  • Це моя собака (Nom.). Я бачу мою собаку (Acc.)This is my dog. I see my dog.

Feminine: -… -и -і -ї

  • Це мої собаки (Nom.). Я бачу моїх собак (Acc.) These are my dogs. I see my dogs.

Neuter

  • There are very few animate neuter nouns. That is why we are not mentioning their rules in this course.

Neuter

  • There are very few animate neuter nouns. That is why we are not mentioning their rules in this course.
Ukrainian test

Test

Check if you know this lesson:

1. All animate singular nouns have the ending “у” in Accusative?
only feminine
only neuter
true

2. What is the Accusative singular form of “мій брат”?
мого брата
мій брат
моїх братів

3. Animate plural nouns share the same endings in Nominative and Accusative.
true
false

4. For all neuter nouns it applies that Accusative singular = Nominative singular.
false
true

5. What is the Accusative form for “мої собаки”?
мою собаку
мого собак
моїх собак



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