Free Ukrainian Course. Lesson 9

Free Ukrainian course - Lesson 9

Free Ukrainian Course
Ukrainian lessons for beginners

Lesson 9: Ме́не зва́ти Тетя́на, а як тебе́ зва́ти?
My name is Tetiana, and what’s your name?


In this lesson you will learn:

  • different case forms of personal pronouns
  • some useful adjectives and adverbs

In this lesson, we continue to speak about Ukrainian cases. This topic is going to be the centre of our course since the cases are fundamental for any Ukrainian learner. Also, we will learn some new adjectives and enrich our vocabulary.

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Listen and repeat the following sentence:

Мене́ зва́ти Тетя́на, а як тебе́ зва́ти?

My name is Tetiana, and what’s your name?

Ukrainian cases: In this lesson, you will see that instead of saying “я”, we sometimes say “мене́” or “менí”. That’s because “я” can be used as a direct object (and it turns into “мене́”) or as an indirect object (and then it turns into “менí”).

In English, pronouns also change depending on their function in a sentence. For example, the pronoun “he” transforms into “him” when used as a direct object: “I saw him”. The same happens to Ukrainian pronouns.

Ukrainian vocabulary

Ukrainian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the basic vocabulary of this lesson:

час

time

будь ла́ска

please

чкщо́

if

га́рний

good-looking (male)

га́рна

good-looking (female)

дíйсно

really

пра́вда

true

є

there is / there are

У ме́не є

I have

У те́бе є

You have

для ме́не

for me

для те́бе

for you

Ukrainian dialogues

Dialogues in Ukrainian

These dialogues will help you memorise this lesson’s vocabulary:

Ukrainian grammar

Ukrainian grammar

Read the following grammar explanations for this lesson:

What is “to decline”?

When you decline a word you modify it. After that, the word has a new function in a sentence.

In English we don’t decline nouns:

  • Subject: The man is big.
  • Object: I saw the man.

However, pronouns are declined:

  • Subject: He is big.
  • Object: I saw him yesterday.

This modification is called “case”. So, you could say that “him” is a case of the pronoun “he”.

Examples of cases seen in this lesson

In Ukrainian, we decline pronouns, nouns and adjectives. In other words, pronouns, nouns and adjectives can have “cases”.

Now you will see examples of cases from this lesson’s dialogues. They are cases of the pronouns you already know (я, ти, він,…). In this lesson you have seen, for example, мене́ / менí (cases of “я”) or тебе́ / тобí (cases of “ти”).

Example taken from dialogue 1 =>

“Me” is the accusative case of “I”. In English we can’t say “You saw I yesterday?”, we have to transform “I” into “me”.

“Мене́” is the accusative case of “я”. In Ukrainian we can’t say “Ти ба́чила Я вчо́ра?”, we have to transform “я” into “мене́”.

You saw me yesterday?
Ти ба́чив мене́ вчо́ра?

Example taken from dialogue 3 =>

In this example “you” doesn’t change. We can say “You have money” and “Mary saw you”.

Pay attention that this doesn’t happen to “I”, because we say “I have money” and “Mary saw me” (instead of “Mary saw I”).

In Ukrainian “тебе́” is the accusative case of “ти”. We can’t say “Я ба́чила ти”: we have to transform “ти” into “тебе́”.

I saw you yesterday.
Я ба́чила тебе́ вчо́ра.

The Ukrainian cases

When we decline a word, we classify it in “cases”. The grammatical case expresses the function of a word (subject, direct or indirect object…). In Ukrainian there are 7 cases (so far you only know the nominative). Here are their main meanings:

  • Nominative (usually used as a subject)
  • Genitive (expresses possession)
  • Accusative (usually used as a direct object)
  • Dative (indirect object)
  • Instrumental (“with someone” / “with something”)
  • Prepositional (usually expresses location)
  • Vocative (it is usually used to address people)

Some opposites (antonyms) in Ukrainian

In Ukrainian you can find adjectives like these:

  • good (хоро́ший/га́рний) – bad (пога́ний)
  • good-looking (га́рний/краси́вий) – ugly (потво́рний/гидки́й)

But there is an easier way to create the opposite of an adjective: simply add “не” to the adjective:

  • хоро́ший (good) – нехоро́ший (not good = bad)
  • га́рний (good-looking) – нега́рний (not good-looking = ugly)

Pay attention to the transformation of the following particles when adding “ні

  • коли́ (when) – ніко́ли (never)
  • де (where) – нід́е (nowhere)
  • хто (who) – ніхто́ (nobody)
Ukrainian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

1. What can be declined in Ukrainian?
only nouns
only pronouns
nouns, pronouns and adjectives

2. Complete the sentence: В ме́не є час для …
те́бе
ти
менí

3. What does “У те́бе є час?” mean?
Do you have time?
Don’t you have time?
I don’t have time.

4. How do you say “never” in Ukrainian?
Ніко́ли
Ніхто́
Ніде́

5. How do you say “It’s not true” in Ukrainian?
Це нега́рно.
Це непра́вда.
Це недо́бре.



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