Free Ukrainian Course. Lesson 8

Free Ukrainian course - Lesson 8

Free Ukrainian Course
Ukrainian lessons for beginners

Lesson 8: Я не зна́ю хто мій найкра́щий друг.
I don’t know who my best friend is.


In this lesson you will learn:

  • all Ukrainian possessive pronouns
  • how to write Ukrainian adjectives for any gender

Adjectives (words like “good/beautiful/delicious” etc.) play a very important role in all languages making our speech more expressive and informative. Using adjectives in Ukrainian is not difficult. Let’s enrich our vocabulary with some very useful words and expressions.

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Listen and repeat the following sentence:

Я не зна́ю хто мій найкра́щий друг.

I don’t know who my best friend is.

How to read Ukrainian: After 8 lessons you already know how to say many things in Ukrainian. But, can you read Ukrainian without any problem? If you still can’t, we recommend our course “how to read in Ukrainian”. You can click here to go to lesson 1.

Ukrainian vocabulary

Ukrainian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the basic vocabulary of this lesson:

хто

who

вже

already

ма́ти / ба́тько, та́то

mother / father

батьки́

parents

до́нька / син

daughter / son

сестра́ / брат

sister / brother

по́друга / друг

friend (female) / friend (male)

дру́зі

friends

кра́ще

better (adverb)

кра́щий

best (adjective)

вели́кий

big

мале́нький

small

Ukrainian dialogues

Dialogues

These dialogues will help you memorise this lesson’s vocabulary:

Ukrainian grammar

Ukrainian grammar

Read the following grammar explanations for this lesson:

Possessive pronouns in Ukrainian

Here you will find a complete list of Ukrainian possessive pronouns sorted in two groups:

  • Only one thing is possessed (book) which is possessed by one person (my book) or many people (our book).
  • Many things are possessed (books) which are possessed by one person (my books) or many people (our books).
One thing possessed (singular form)
English pronouns Ukrainian pronouns Examples Translation
my мій Це мій фільм This is my movie
моя Це моя кни́га This is my book
моє Це моє село́ This is my village
your твій Це твій фільм This is your movie
твоя Це твоя кни́га This is your book
твоє Це твоє село́ This is your village
his його́ Це його́ кни́га This is his book
her її́ Це її́ кни́га This is her book
our наш Це наш ба́тько This is our father
на́ша Це на́ша до́нька This is our daughter
на́ше Це на́ше се́ло This is our village
your ваш Це ваш ба́тько This is your father
ва́ша Це ва́ша кни́га This is your book
ва́ше Це ва́ше се́ло This is your village
their ї́хній Це ї́хній ба́тько This is their father
ї́хня Це ї́хня кни́га This is their book
ї́хнє Це ї́хнє село́ This is their village

As you can see, for each singualr pronoun in English, we have three forms in Ukrainian (one for each gender). The only exceptions are the pronouns “his” and “her”.

Good news
The pronouns “his” and “her” never change


The pronouns “його́” (his) and “її́” (her) have the same form for all genders. It means that we don’t have to change their endings. For example, no matter if we want to say “father” (masculine), “book” (feminine) or “village” (neuter), the pronoun will stay the same:

  • Це її́ ба́тько / кни́га / село́. – This is her father / book / village.
  • Це його́ ба́тько / кни́га / село́. – This is his father / book / village.
More than one thing possessed (plural form)
English pronouns Ukrainian pronouns Examples Translation
my мої́ Це мої́ фíльми / кни́ги / се́ла This is my movies / books / villages
your твої́ Це твої́ фíльми / кни́ги / се́ла This is your movies / books / villages
his його Це його́ фíльми / кни́ги / се́ла This is his movies / books / villages
her її Це її фíльми / кни́ги / се́ла This is her movies / books / villages
our на́ші Це на́ші фíльми / кни́ги / се́ла This is our movies / books / villages
your ва́ші Це ва́ші фíльми / кни́ги / се́ла This is your movies / books / villages
their їхні Це ї́хні фíльми / кни́ги / се́ла This is their movies / books / villages

Ukrainian adjectives

You already know that in Ukrainian, knowing the gender of a word is very important. It’s something that we are going to need when using Ukrainian adjectives too. The endings of adjectives are very similar to those of possessive pronouns. Let’s have a look at them:

Gender Examples Translation
Masculine Мій га́рний, улю́блений, вели́кий магази́н My good, favourite, big shop
Feminine Моя́ га́рна, улю́блена, вели́ка кни́га My good, favourite, big book
Neuter Моє́ га́рне, улю́блене, вели́ке село́ My good, favourite, big village
Pural Мої́ га́рні, улю́блені, вели́кі магази́ни (кни́ги, се́ла) My good, favourite, big shops (books, villages)
Ukrainian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

1. Complete the sentence: Ти мій…
со́нце
по́друга
друг

2. Complete the sentence: Ма́ти та ба́тько – це…
батьки́
брат та сестра́
дру́зі

3. How do you say “my best female friend”
найкра́ща по́друга
га́рна по́друга
найкра́щий друг

4. How do you say “She is my friend”?
Воно́ мій друг
Вона́ моя́ по́друга
Він моя́ по́друга

5. What is the plural of “друг”?
дру́ги
дру́зі
дру́зів



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