Free Ukrainian Course. Lesson 7

Free Ukrainian course - Lesson 7

Free Ukrainian Course
Ukrainian lessons for beginners

Lesson 7: Менí подо́бається пíца. I like pizza.


In this lesson you will learn:

  • the conjugation of reflexive verbs
  • the verb “йти” (to go)

In this lesson, we will find out what a reflexive verb is and how to conjugate it. This is a very important part of Ukrainian grammar considering that there are many reflexive verbs in Ukrainian.

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Listen and repeat the following sentence:

Менí подо́бається пíца.

I like pizza.

Ukrainian vocabulary

Ukrainian vocabulary

Read, listen and repeat the basic vocabulary of this lesson:

ми́ти

to wash (someone or something)

ми́тися

to wash oneself

одяга́ти

to dress (someone)

одяга́тися

to dress oneself (get dressed)

подо́батися

to like

йти

to go

чому́

why

тому́ що

because

мо́же бу́ти

maybe

ти ма́єш ра́цію

you are right (masc. and fem.) (informal)

ви ма́єте ра́цію

you are right (formal)

Ukrainian dialogues

Dialogues

These dialogues will help you memorise this lesson’s vocabulary:

Ukrainian grammar

Ukrainian grammar

Read the following grammar explanations for this lesson:

Ukrainian reflexive verbs

When we use a reflexive verb in a sentence, the subject and the object are the same. In English, we usually convey this idea by adding “myself”, “yourself”, etc. (I wash myself, he looks at himself,…).

In Ukrainian we add this particle: -ся.

Now we will see an example in English and Ukrainian with the same verbs: ми́ти (to wash) and ми́тися (to wash oneself):

To wash
Ми́ти
I wash the dishes Я ми́ю по́суд
You wash the dishes ти ми́єш по́суд
He washes the dishes він/вона́/воно́ ми́є по́суд
We wash the dishes ми ми́ємо по́суд
You wash the dishes ви ми́єте по́суд
They wash the dishes вони́ ми́ють по́суд
To wash oneself
Ми́тися
I wash myself я ми́юся
You wash yourself ти ми́єшся
He washes himself він/вона́/воно́ ми́ється
We wash ourselves ми ми́ємося
You wash yourselves ви ми́єтеся
They wash themselves вони ми́ються
Past washed Він мив по́суд
Вона́ ми́ла по́суд
Воно́ ми́ло по́суд
Ми ми́ли по́суд
Past washed oneself Він ми́вся
Вона́ ми́лася
Воно́ ми́лося
Ми ми́лися

ATTENTION!
The third person in reflexive verbs.


Please pay attention to the third person form for reflexive verbs. Not only “-ся” is added but also but also “-ть” before “-ся” = > “-ться”.

The verb “to go”: йти

In Ukrainian there are many verbs to express movement. Of course, “йти” is the most important one.

Present
Past
Я йду Він йшов
Ти йдеш Вона́ йшла
Він / вона́ / воно́ йде Воно́ йшло́
Ми йдемо́ Ми / ви / вони́ йшли
Ви йдете́
Вони́ йдуть
Ukrainian test

Test

Check how much you have learnt in this lesson:

1. Complete the phrase: Я не хо́чу…….. по́суд.
ми́тися
ми́ла
ми́ти

2. Complete the phrase: Ти ……ду́же до́бре.
одяга́ти
одяга́єшся
одяга́юся

3. How do you say “you are right” (to a woman) in Ukrainian?
ти ма́єш ра́цію.
вона́ має ра́цію.
вони́ ма́ють ра́цію.

4. How do you say “maybe” in Ukrainian?
бу́ти.
чому́.
мо́же бу́ти.

5. Which form of the verb “йти” is not correct?
йтися.
йшов.
йшли.



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