Free Ukrainian Course. Lesson 4

Free Ukrainian course - Lesson 4

Free Ukrainian Course
Ukrainian lessons for beginners

Lesson 4: Що це означа́є? What does it mean?


In this lesson you will learn:

  • the absence of articles in Ukrainian
  • how to conjugate a new Ukrainian verb
  • two question words: “what” and “how”

Do you know that not all lenguages have articles? By “articles” we mean the words “the” and “a” in English (“the book” vs “a book”). Well, in Ukrainian this concept doesn’t exist at all. Fascinating, isn’t it? Let’s learn to speak without articles and make more elaborate questions in Ukrainian.

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Listen and repeat the following sentence:

Що це означа́є?

What does it mean?

Що це? This is another useful question. It means “What is this? / What is that?”. So now you know how to ask two important questions: What is this? and What does it mean?

Ukrainian vocabulary

Ukrainian vocabulary

In this lesson, we will practice the following Ukrainian words. Listen to the audio and remember the vocabulary:

що

what

це

this / that/ it

ви́бач

excuse me / sorry (informal)

ви́бачте

excuse me / sorry (formal)

звича́йно

of course

зна́ти

to know

як

how

Як сказа́ти…?

How do you say…?

Ukrainian dialogues

Dialogues

Listen carefully to the following Ukrainian dialogues. They will help you understand this lesson’s vocabulary in the right context:

Ukrainian grammar

Ukrainian grammar

Let’s study the grammar used in this lesson:

The articles in Ukrainian

Many Slavic Languages (including Ukrainian) don’t use articles. This concept doesn’t exist in these languages. That’s why a word like “кни́га” could mean either “a book” or “the book”. Without any additional context, the translation could be both:

  • Це кни́га = This/it is a book.
  • Це кни́га = This/it is the book.

How to say “it” in Ukrainian

In English, the pronoun “it” is used very often. In most cases “it” will be translated in Ukrainian with the word “це” (which also means “this” or “that”).

Ukrainian conjugations: the verb “зна́ти” and “роби́ти”.

In the previous lesson you have seen the present tense of the verb “розмовля́ти”. In this lesson you will learn the verb “зна́ти” (to know) and “роби́ти” (to do).

Compare the endings of both verbs. As you can see, they have similarities and differencies. In Ukrainian there are two different types of conjugation, that is, two different ways to build the present tense of a Ukrainian verb.

Verb: зна́ти
я зна́ю
ти зна́єш
він/вона́ зна́є
ми зна́ємо
ви зна́єте
вони́ зна́ють
Verb: Роби́ти
я роблю́
ти ро́биш
він/вона́ ро́бить
ми ро́бимо
ви ро́бите
вони́ ро́блять

Pronouns in Ukrainian
To say or not to say?


In English, pronouns are always said and written. But in Ukrainian, they are often omitted because the verb form is enough for us to undersatnd the meaning.

Look at the example from dialogue 3:

  • Звича́йно (“я” – omitted) зна́ю – Of course I know.

Yet, it’s not obligatory to omit the pronoun. If you say it always you won’t be wrong.

Ukrainian test

Test

Check if you know this lesson:

1. Complete the sentence: Що це …….. украї́нською?
зна́ю
означа́є
розмовля́ти

2. Complete the sentence: Як ……..”Internet” україньскою?
сказа́ти
зна́ти
говори́ти

3. How do you say “What is this?” in Ukrainian?
Ти зна́єш?
Що?
Що це?

4. How do you say “excuse me” in a formal way?
Ви́бачте.
Зна́єте.
Ви́бач.

5. How many articles are there in Ukrainian?
as many as in English
0
only the article “the”



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