Free Ukrainian Course. Lesson 3

Free Ukrainian course - Lesson 3

Free Ukrainian Course
Ukrainian lessons for beginners

Lesson 3: Ви́бачте, я не розумíю.
Sorry, I don’t understand.

In this lesson you will learn:

  • how to ask questions in Ukrainian
  • the formal and informal way to say “you”
  • to conjugate a verb in the present tense

This lesson will help you use formal and informal pronouns depending on the situation. Also, you will get to know the structure of simple questions in Ukrainian and finally, we’ll continue to conjugate verbs in present. Let’s go!

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Listen and repeat the following sentence:

Ви́бачте, я не розумíю.

Sorry, I don’t understand.

Ви́бачте This is the first imperative form that you will learn in the course. It means “excuse me”, but only when you address someone formally. If you talk to a friend you will use the informal form: Ви́бач. You will learn about formal and informal in future lessons.

Ukrainian vocabulary

Ukrainian vocabulary

In this lesson, we will practice the following Ukrainian words. Listen to the audio and remember the vocabulary:






to understand







до поба́чення

see you

до зу́стрічі

see you


hello (formal)



Ukrainian dialogues


Listen carefully to the following Ukrainian dialogues. They will help you understand this lesson’s vocabulary in the right context:

Ukrainian grammar

Ukrainian grammar

Let’s study the grammar used in this lesson:

How to say “you” in Ukrainian

In Ukrainian there are different two ways of saying “you”, a formal and an informal way. There are no specific rules about when to use each, but in general we could say the following:

  • Formal “you” (ви): used with older people and people we don’t know well
  • Informal “you” (ти): used with relatives, children and close friends.

You will only need to learn two forms: “ти” and “ви”. The first one (ти) is only used for informal address in singular. For any other case “ви” is used:

Informal = Ти (you, one person who I treat as a friend) Informal = Ви (you, many people who I treat as friends)
Formal = Ви (you, one person who I treat formally) Formal = Ви (you, many people who I treat formally

In the dialogues you have seen examples of formal and informal situations. During the course you will see more examples.

Also, pay attention to the verbs. The endings for “ти” and “ви” are easy to recognise:

Verb: зна́ти
Verb: розмовля́ти
Ти зна́єш Ти розмовля́єш
Ви зна́єте Ви розмовля́єте

During these three lessons you have learnt the personal pronouns in Ukrainian (I, you, he, we,…). You only need to learn how to say “they”: вони́ (pronounced “vo-ny”).

Here you have the whole conjugation of the verb “розмовля́ти” in the present tense. Listen to the audio and pay attention to the pronunciation:

In future lessons you will learn new verbs.

я розмовля́ю
ти розмовля́єш
він/вона́ розмовля́є
ми розмовля́ємо
ви розмовля́єте
вони́ розмовля́ють

How to make questions in Ukrainian

If you want to make a question in Ukrainian, you only need to use the symbol “?”. This means:

  • You do not need to change the position of the verb.
  • You do not need to use an auxiliary verb like “do” in English.

Look at these examples to understand it better:

Ти украї́нка. You are Ukrainian.
Ти украї́нка? Are you Ukrainian?
Ти розмовля́єш украї́нською. You speak Ukrainian.
Ти розмовля́єш украї́нською? Do you speak Ukrainian?
Ukrainian test


Check if you know this lesson:

1. How do you say “hello” in a formal way?
Як спра́ви

2. What does “ви” mean?
An informal “you”
A formal “you”
A formal “he”

3. Which is the WRONG option?
він розумíти
я розумíю
ти розумíєш

4. Which is the RIGHT option?
ви розумíєте
ви розмовля́єте
both are right
both are wrong

5. How do you say “we do, too / we are, too”?
ми теж
ми до́бре
ми ду́же
я й ти теж

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