Free Ukrainian course. Lesson 2

Free Ukrainian course - Lesson 2

Free Ukrainian Course
Ukrainian lessons for beginners

Lesson 2: Я розмовля́ю украї́нською ду́же до́бре!
I speak Ukrainian very well!


In this lesson you will learn:

  • the personal pronouns “he”, “she” and “it”
  • basic rules of verbs in the present tense
  • new Ukrainian vocabulary

In this lesson, we are going to see our first Ukrainian verb and learn to use it with different pronouns. Ukrainian verbs are a bit tricky because they require different endings for each pronoun. The key to success is to start memorizing the endings from the first day.

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Useful phrase in Ukrainian

Listen and repeat the following sentence:

Я розмовля́ю украї́нською ду́же до́бре!

I speak Ukrainian very well!

Ukrainian vocabulary

Ukrainian vocabulary

In this lesson, we will practice the following Ukrainian words. Listen to the audio and remember the vocabulary:

розмовля́ти

to speak

ду́же

very

але́

but

дя́кую

thank you

він

he

вона́

she

та

and

розмовля́ти украї́нською

to speak Ukrainian

до́бре

well

Ukrainian dialogues

Dialogues

Listen carefully to the following Ukrainian dialogues. They will help you understand this lesson’s vocabulary in the right context:

Ukrainian grammar

Ukrainian grammar

Let’s study the grammar used in this lesson:

Personal pronouns: third person (“he” and “she”)

In this lesson, we’ve learnt the pronouns “вiн” and “вона́”. In order to use the verb “to speak” with these pronouns, we have to memorize the following ending:

  • Він розмовля́є (he speaks)
  • Вона́ розмовля́є (she speaks)

As you can see, we have the same ending for “вiн” and “вона́”. In future lessons we will see that this don’t happen in the past tense: there are different forms for masculine and feminine.

In our previous lesson we’ve learnt that in Ukrainian there is also the neuter gender. There is also a personal pronoun for this gender: воно́ (it is pronounced “vo-nó”). We are going to see its function in our future lessons.

Be careful!
“Воно́” ≠ “it”.


“Воно́” is not used in the same situations and as often as “it” in English! In our next lessons you will see rules and differencies in using it.

Attention!
There are many ways to say “Ukrainian”


We already know how to say “I’m Ukrainian” when speaking of our nationality: Я украї́нець (male) / Я украї́нка (female). In today’s lesson we see a new form: розмовля́ти украї́нською (to speak Ukrainian). Here we don’t speak about someone’s nationality. We speak about a language. Remember that the verb “to speak” requires the form украї́нською. If you like grammar terms you’ll probably be interested to know that украї́нською is the instrumental case of the word украї́нська (Ukrainian language).

Verb conjugation: present tense

After the first two lessons, you have already seen the conjugation of the present tense in singular (я, ти, він). Pay attention that we need to take the infinitive розмовля́ти, remove the infinitive ending “ти” and add the ending according to the pronoun.

To speak (infinitive) Розмовля́ти
I speak Я розмовля́ю
You speak Ти розмовля́єш
He / she speaks Він / Вона́ розмовля́є
Ukrainian test

Test

Check if you know this lesson:

1. How do you say “thank you” in Ukranian?
ду́же
до́бре
дя́кую

2. How do you say “well” in Ukranian?
до́бре
дя́кую
ду́же

3. How do you say “very” in Ukranian?
ду́же
до́бре
дя́кую

4. Choose the correct sentence.
я розмовля́є
він розмовля́є
ти розмовля́є
all are correct

5. Choose the correct sentence.
він розмовля́є
вона́ розмовля́є
both are correct



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